The Patron God of Babylon, Marduk rose to become the Ruler of the Gods of Mesopotamia. He is the third God to head this pantheon. Apsu, the Deep and Tiamat, the Primordial Mother, who together created the world, ruled at the beginning according to the Enuma Elish (The Story of Creation). Then One of the Younger Gods, Enlil who Holds of the Tablets of Destiny, overthrew the Divine Couple by using magic. When Tiamat wanted vengeance for the murder of Her Mate, the Great Gods (1) met and conferred on Marduk their powers to destroy Her. After their battle, He recreated the world using the body of the slain Tiamat.
(The temple tower of Marduk in Ancient Babylon was recreated as the “Tower of Babel” in the Old Testament.)
Some of Marduk’s epithets:
God of Fifty Names and Powers
King of Heaven
Guardian of the Four Quarters
Overseer Who is Good
Shepherd of the Gods
Light of His Father
Young Steer of the Day
Bull-Calf of the Storm
Glorious Word of Power
Citadel of Prayer
Shepherd of the Stars
Lord of Life
Master of Magic
Restorer of Joy to Humankind
Patron of Babylon
The Conferring of Powers to Marduk from the “Enuma Elish.”
“(Ea (2) heard and)… his spirit was rejoiced, (and He said):
He whose name his Fathers have made glorious,
Shall be even as I, his name shall be Ea!
The binding of all decrees shall He control,
All my commands shall He make known!
By the name of ‘Fifty’ did the Great Gods
Proclaim His Fifty Names, They made his path pre-eminent.”
- The Great Gods did not include Marduk until the time of the Assyrian Kings, who “raised” Him and Assur, their Patron God.
- Ea is another name for Enlil. Translation by Leonard King, “The Seven Tablets of Creation.”
- Prayer card for Marduk by Basil Blake can be obtained at Prayer Cards: Marduk