The Descent of Inanna

In The Descent of Inanna (c 1900-1600 BCE), Inanna journeys to the Underworld to visit her recently widowed Sister, Ereshkigal, Queen of the Great Below. As Inanna descends, She is forced to give up her royal power and is stripped naked. Leaving the Seven Gates behind, She enters the throne room. There, She finds Ereshkigal in labor with her late husband’s child. The Annuna, who are the Judges of the Underworld, surround Inanna and pass their judgement of death on Her. Ereshkigal then kills her Sister and hangs the corpse on a hook.

Meanwhile, Ninshubur, who is Inanna’s chief minister, seeks help from the Great Gods. Enki, Inanna’s Father, sends two Galla help rescue Inanna. They help Ereshkigal give birth, who then allows then to Inanna’s Corpse. Once Inanna is restored to life, She must find someone to take cher place. Eventually, She chooses her consort Dumuzi, who did not mourn Her. However, Dumuzi’s sister, Geshtinanna volunteers to take his place for six months each year.

Modern readings of the Descent of Inanna have Inanna shedding her old self, confronting her shadow, and emerging again whole. Read in conjunction with the Epic of Gilgamesh (c 2150-1400 BCE), the Descent of Inanna presents a different meaning. Inanna is instrumental in having Gugalanna, the Bull of Heaven murdered. He is Ereshkigal’s husband and father of her unborn child. She wanted justice for the death of her husband, and leaving her unborn child fatherless.

However, Inanna avoided the consequences of her actions. She was able to convince Enki to return Her to life. Dumuzi and Geshtinanna paid for her decision to attain more mes (power) by going to Gugalanna’s funeral in the Underworld. The Descent of Inanna then becomes a story of one God seeking justice and being thwarted, since Inanna escapes punishment for her deed.

In The Descent of Inanna (c 1900-1600 BCE), Inanna journeys to the Underworld to visit her recently widowed Sister, Ereshkigal, Queen of the Great Below. As Inanna descends, She is forced to give up her royal power and is stripped naked. Leaving the Seven Gates behind, She enters the throne room. There, She finds Ereshkigal in labor with her late husband’s child. The Annuna, who are the Judges of the Underworld, surround Inanna and pass their judgement of death on Her. Ereshkigal then kills her Sister and hangs the corpse on a hook.

Meanwhile, Ninshubur, who is Inanna’s chief minister, seeks help from the Great Gods. Enki, Inanna’s Father, sends two Galla help rescue Inanna. They help Ereshkigal give birth, who then allows then to Inanna’s Corpse. Once Inanna is restored to life, She must find someone to take cher place. Eventually, She chooses her consort Dumuzi, who did not mourn Her. However, Dumuzi’s sister, Geshtinanna volunteers to take his place for six months each year.

Modern readings of the Descent of Inanna have Inanna shedding her old self, confronting her shadow, and emerging again whole. Read in conjunction with the Epic of Gilgamesh (c 2150-1400 BCE), the Descent of Inanna presents a different meaning. Inanna is instrumental in having Gugalanna, the Bull of Heaven murdered. He is Ereshkigal’s husband and father of her unborn child. She wanted justice for the death of her husband, and leaving her unborn child fatherless.

However, Inanna avoided the consequences of her actions. She was able to convince Enki to return Her to life. Dumuzi and Geshtinanna paid for her decision to attain more mes (power) by going to Gugalanna’s funeral in the Underworld. The Descent of Inanna then becomes a story of one God seeking justice and being thwarted, since Inanna escapes punishment for her deed.

Gods of Babylon: Ninshubur

Ninshubur is the Sukkal of Inanna, the Sumerian Goddess of Love and War. Ninshubur accompanies Her everywhere. As Inanna’s Second-in-Command, She has her own power as well as Inanna’s authority. One of her duties is as the Messenger of the Gods.

What Ninshubur is best known for is bringing Inanna back from the Underworld. Before She left to see Ereskigal, Dark Queen of the Underworld, Inanna asked Ninshubur to wait for Her. When Inanna failed to reappear after three days, Ninshubur knew that She had died. After informing everyone, She went to the temple of the Great Gods. Going from God to God, Ninshubur asked for help in Inanna’s return. Finally She receives help from Enki, the Father of Inanna. When Inanna was finally released from the Underworld, She had to find someone to take her place. Meanwhile Inanna prevented the Galla, the Underworld Demons, from taking Ninshubur, finding someone else instead.

nubbabybasil

By Basil Blake

Oh Queen of the East

Messenger of the Gods

Sukkal of Inanna

Fearless Ninshubur

Consellor of Inanna

Lover of Inanna

Wise are You

 

May we be as fearless as You

May we be as faithful as You

May You speak to the Gods for us

May we hear their messages

May You speak to the Gods for us

 

Faithful Servant

You fought aside the Morning Star

You mourned the Evening Star

We praise You.

Purchase Her Prayer Card here: Ninshubur by Basil Blake