Fors Fortuna: Roman Goddess of Luck

cards casino chance chip

Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

The Romans have two Goddesses of Luck – the more well-known Fortuna and the more ancient Fors Fortuna. By the time of the Roman Empire, Fors Fortuna became an aspect of Fortuna. I regard Them to be separate Goddesses.

Fors Fortuna brought prosperity and divine blessings. (“Fors” means “she brings forth” from the Latin “fero.”) For this reason, She is a favorite of gamblers, slaves and common people. Gamblers placed bets in her name to win. Meanwhile, She brought poor people riches. Several of her temples were founded by former slaves in gratitude of their great fortune. They credit Her from raising them up from “rags to riches.”

Varro says that King Servius Tullius established the formal cultus for Fors Fortuna in the early days of Rome. Tullius built her main temple near the Forum Boarium. The King felt favored by the Goddess since She had raised him from being a son of a slave to the King of Rome.

The Festival for Fors Fortuna is on June 24. Ovid writes that this festival was a rowdy affair. Romans would decorate boats with flowers, and then race to her temple. They would gamble and get falling down drunk. Today people can celebrate in similar ways with boat races, betting, and drinking.

A Modern Prayer to Fors Fortuna

Salve Fors Fortuna!
Goddess of Good Luck
Goddess of Gamblers who bless their craps
In Your Name
Goddess of Poor People who bless their lottery tickets
In Your Name

You raise them from rags to riches
Roll the die in Your Name
Place the bets in Your Name
Bless our piety
In Your Name
Grant us good luck
Salve Fors Fortuna!

Prayer Beads: Jupiter of Rome

multicolored beaded necklace

Photo by Avinash Patel on Pexels.com

32 Beads

Order of Beads:

1, 2: Ianus Pater, Ianus Patulcius: Wood beads
3, 4, 5: Archaic Triad, Capitoline Triad, Aventine Triad: Red, red, yellow beads
6: Iuppiter Opitmus Maximus: Lapis
7, 8, 9: 3 Jupiters
10, 11, 12: 3 Triads
13, 14, 15, 16: 4 Jupiters
17, 18, 19: 3 Triads
20, 21, 22, 23: 4 Jupiters
24, 25, 26: 3 Triads
27, 28, 29, 30: 4 Jupiters
31, 32: Janus Clusivus, Janus Pater: Wood beads

Specifics in Materials
Lightning bolt for pendant
Spacers could be yellow, clear, or white.
Colors for Jupiter could be blue, yellow, white, and clear.
Stones could be lapis, soladite, quartz, and glass

Titles and Prayers:

Janus
Salve Ianus Pater
Father Janus, Keeper of Dies Pater’s Door
Salve Ianus Patulcius
Janus, the Opener of Doors, the first prayer is for You, God of Beginnings.
Salve Ianus Clusivus
Janus, Closer of Doors, the last prayer is for You, God of Endings.

Triads
Roman prayers include prayers for the State.

Archaic Triad
Salvete Iuppiter Capitolinus, Quirinus,et Marmar Pater
Jupiter, Quirinus, and Mars,
Watch over the people’s first steps to self-government,
Gods of the people and the land

Capitoline Triad
Salvete Iuppiter Optimus Maximus, Juno Regina et Minerva Augusta
Jupiter Best and Greatest, Queen Juno and Minerva,
May the people govern themselves well under your watchful eyes.

Aventine Triad
Savlete Ceres Mater, Liber Pater, et Libera Mater
Ceres, Liber, and Libera,
May the rights of the poor and oppressed be protected.

Jupiter

Salve Iuppiter Optimus Maximus
Jupiter Best and Greatest, Above all the Gods. (LAPIS BEAD)

Salve Iuppiter Capitolinus
Jupiter of the Capitol

Salve Iuppiter Lapis (LAPIS BEAD)
Jupiter Lapis
Jupiter, Who presides over oaths

Salve Iuppiter Feretrius (FLINT or Equivalent)
Jupiter Feretrius, the hard striker who carries away the spoils of war

Salve Iuppiter Invictus
Jupiter, the Unconquered

Salve Iuppiter Victor
Jupiter, the Victorious

Salve Iuppiter Stator
Jupiter, the Stayer of the Rout

Salve Iuppiter Pistor
Jupiter, the Baker *

“Let loose the resource you are least willing to lose.” In reference to throwing bread to convince the Gauls that their siege of Rome was in vain. (Ovid)

Salve Iuppiter Propugnator
Jupiter, the Defender or Champion

Salve Iuppiter Custos
Jupiter the Custodian (Keeper of the Laws)

Salve Iuppiter Liber
Jupiter of the creative force

Salve Iuppiter Lucetius
Jupiter, the bringer of the light

Salve Iuppiter Caelestis
Jupiter Caelestis, Jupiter of the Skies

Salve Iuppiter Tonas
Jupiter, the Thunderer

Salve Iuppiter Fulgur
Jupiter of the Lightening

Salve Iuppiter Elicius
Jupiter, the Bringer of Rain

“Schola Aetii – Reformed Roman Paganism” by Gaius Florius Aetius

scollaromanl

“Schola Aetii – Reformed Roman Paganism” by Gaius Florius Aetius. 2019. Self-Published.

Gaius Florius Aetius, a priest of Apollo, self-published his notes on Roman theology. Aetius originally intended them as a text for a mystery school that he had intended to found. Because of his ongoing illness, he wanted to publish his unedited writings, as soon as possible.

In his book, Aetius introduces people to the Roman religion (Religio Romana) He explains the Gods, the rituals, and the calendar. Going beyond that, he attempts to flesh out Roman Cosmology ethics, and other religious topics. His purpose is to provide a map for others to fill in with their investigation of Roman theology. He wants them to be inspired and ponder things in detail on their own.

Aetius writes, “When humanity loses the Way of the Ancestors, the Gods retreat, and the forces of Chaos and Darkness can crawl out of their banishment. Without spirituality, we are at the mercy of these forces… Pagan Spirituality is one of this world, it belongs to the world, the SACRED of the Pagan is within the world….Our spirituality belongs to the world, affirms and acknowledges this world and sees the Sacred within it, and thus the struggle of Chaos and Order is as integral part of the world.” P.129

Please note this book is a rough draft and that English is not the author’s first language. His Facebook page which features his essays:
https://www.facebook.com/MagisterScholaAetii/

Buy the book: Reformed Roman Paganism

 

Celebrating Saturnalia

ndsaturn

“Who knows not of the Golden Age of the carefree King? When no man subdued fields to his will or sowed grain in them or fended harmful weeds from the crops, which were to come when plenteous harvest filled the barns to last the year.” (Anonymous, Aenta)

Saturnalia, the most popular of Roman festivals, is a time of good feeling, gift giving and celebrating the returning sun. Lasting for seven days from 17 December to 24, this festival is wildly celebrated. People visit, feast, play games, and gamble. Normal restrictions of society are cast off, and drunkenness is encouraged.

The first day opens with the unwrapping of Saturn’s feet. In Ancient Rome, Saturn watched over the treasury. His feet was wrapped in woolen bands to prevent Him from leaving. If Saturn left, so did the treasury. (I use yarn for my Saturn’s feet.)

I make a morning sacrifice of pork. Later, I share a meal with Saturn in friendship. After shouting, “Io Saturnalia!,” I begin to celebrate. The second day opens with a bath. (Romans clean themselves before rituals.) The pork is offered this time to the family Lars for helping the household. We also share a meal with Them.

Later in the day, we play games such as Hearts. For the thrill of it all, we also buy lottery tickets. Over the next few days, we visit friends and have feasts. This goes with giving candles and other small gifts to each other. On the last day, Saturn’s feet is bound, and Saturnalia is official over for another year.

Traditional decorations include garlands and wreaths. Houses are decorated red and gold, with hanging cutouts of suns, stars, and the faces of Janus. Outdoors, trees are decorated with food for the birds.

For traditional Roman foods, we feature pickled eggs and beets. Romans loved apples, so we serve them. For seasoning, peppercorns are heavily used in cooking the meals.

“Saturnus, our most sacred Father
By offering You, this incense
I pray good prayers so
That You be benevolent and propitious
To my friends, to me, to my household, and
To my family.”
(Cn. Cornelius Lentulus (Nova Roma))

Prayer Beads: Roman Gods of Water

multicolored beaded necklace

Photo by Avinash Patel on Pexels.com

Materials:
108 beads

1 kyanite pendant
6 kyanite beads
26 clear quartz
24 apatite
24 moonstone
18 amazonite

The Gods:

Kyanite (pendant, regular beads): the Gods of Water
Clear quartz: Fons
Apatite: Neptune
Moonstone: Juturna
Amazonite: Salacia

Pattern:

Kyanite: Guru Bead

Clear quartz: 9
Apatite: 9
Moonstone: 9
Amazonite: 9
Clear quartz: 9

Kyanite: 3
Apatite: 3
Moonstone: 6
Apatite: 3
Kyanite: 3

Clear quartz: 9
Amazonite: 9
Moonstone: 9
Apatite: 9
Clear quartz: 9

Prayers:

Kyanite pendant:

Salvete Gods of Water!
I call to You!

Clear quartz:
Salve Fons of Clear Springs!
I pray to You!

Apatite:
Salve Neptune of All Water!
I pray to You!

Moonstone:
Salve Juturna of Flowing Rivers!
I pray to You!

Amazonite:
Salve Salacia of Salty Water!
I pray to You!

Kyanite bead:
Salvete Gods of Water!
I thank you